About seven million people are affected by diabetes in Germany. The metabolic disorder causes a permanently elevated blood sugar level. Most of the time, diabetes develops insidiously and is therefore detected late in many cases. The risks of a poorly managed blood sugar level are comorbidities that are often more dangerous than the actual diabetic disease itself. The cause of the various diabetic comorbidities is always en excessively high blood glucose level of the affected persons. This means the breakdown of glucose in the cells is overloaded and oxygen radicals – more specifically: superoxide anion radicals – are released, which then trigger the additional complications. They damage the delicate blood vessels first and later the larger ones, thereby causing nerve damage, vision problems, and kidney failure in the long run. The heart attack and stroke risk increases considerably due to the risk of thrombosis and arteriosclerosis.
Diabetic comorbidities occur in many patients – it is very difficult to detect the risk early.